1. What is Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)?

Ans - There is a connection between the Aorta and the Pulmonary Artery which is normally present in a new-born child or before birth, but after birth PDA closes off because it's no more needed. in some children, it continues to shunt. it's called left to right shunt. it overflows the lungs. if it's a large PDA the child become symptomatic immediately after the birth. We have all the medication which help it to close, sometimes it doesn't close in such time then they may require surgery.

2. What kind of symptoms?

Ans - The basic symptoms of heart issue are: They may require ventilation, a child may not gain weight, they get record Respiratory infection.

3. When surgery required?

Ans - A large size PDA in a small baby usually requires surgery. but if the PDA is not very large in an elder child then the treatment can be done without doing surgery by using devices. The proportion of PDA surgery is now minimal.

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